卡片式布局demo---滑动去顶

1.展示效果

该实现基于这三篇文章:
安卓Toolbar的使用demo—自定义标题栏
基于toolbar实现滑动菜单以及实现圆形头像(NavigationView)
悬浮按钮和可交互提示的使用
在这里插入图片描述

2.实现过程

(1)添加依赖

    implementation 'androidx.recyclerview:recyclerview:1.0.0'
    //加载网络图片
    implementation 'com.github.bumptech.glide:glide:4.9.0'

(2)修改activity_main.xml,添加RecyclerView

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.drawerlayout.widget.DrawerLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/drawerLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent">
       <!-- 避免被RecyclerView遮住-->
        <com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">
            <!--自定义标题栏-->
            <androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar
                android:id="@+id/toolbar"
                android:background="#969C99"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                app:layout_scrollFlags="scroll|enterAlways|snap"
                />    <!--当向上滚动时,toolbar会一起向上隐藏,否则会显示-->
        </com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout>

        <androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
            android:id="@+id/recyclerView"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior"
            />

            <!-- 悬浮按钮-->
        <com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton
            android:id="@+id/fab"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="bottom|end"
            android:layout_margin="16dp"
            android:src="@drawable/yes"
            app:elevation="8dp"
           />

    </androidx.coordinatorlayout.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

  <!--滑动自定义菜单-->
  <com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView
      android:id="@+id/navView"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="match_parent"
      android:layout_gravity="start"
      app:menu="@menu/nav_menu"
      app:headerLayout="@layout/nav_header"/>
</androidx.drawerlayout.widget.DrawerLayout>

(3)新建封装类Fruit


public class Fruit {
    private String name;
    private  int imageId;

    public Fruit(String name,int imageId) {
        this.name = name;
        this.imageId=imageId;
    }

    public int getImageId() {
        return imageId;
    }

    public void setImageId(int imageId) {
        this.imageId = imageId;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
}

(4)在layout文件夹新建fruit_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<com.google.android.material.card.MaterialCardView
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_margin="5dp"
    app:cardCornerRadius="4dp">
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="vertical">
        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/fruitImage"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="100dp"
            android:scaleType="centerCrop"/><!--指定图片的缩放模式-->
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/fruitName"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:layout_margin="5dp"
            android:textSize="16sp"/>
    </LinearLayout>

</com.google.android.material.card.MaterialCardView>

(5)新建FruitAdapter类

import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.cardview.widget.CardView;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
import com.bumptech.glide.Glide;
import java.util.List;

public class FruitAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<FruitAdapter.ViewHolder> {
    private Context mContext;
    private List<Fruit> mFruitList;

    @NonNull
    @Override
    public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        if (mContext==null){
            mContext=parent.getContext();
        }
        View view= LayoutInflater.from(mContext).inflate(R.layout.fruit_item,parent,false);
        return new ViewHolder(view);
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull ViewHolder holder, int position) {
        Fruit fruit=mFruitList.get(position);
        holder.fruitName.setText(fruit.getName());
        Glide.with(mContext).load(fruit.getImageId()).into(holder.fruitImage);
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mFruitList.size();
    }

    static  class ViewHolder extends  RecyclerView.ViewHolder{
        CardView cardView;
        ImageView fruitImage;
        TextView fruitName;

        public  ViewHolder(View view){
            super(view);
            cardView=(CardView)view;
            fruitImage=view.findViewById(R.id.fruitImage);
            fruitName=view.findViewById(R.id.fruitName);
        }
    }
    public FruitAdapter(List<Fruit>fruitList){
        mFruitList=fruitList;
    }

}

(6)修改MainActivity.java


import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.appcompat.app.ActionBar;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.appcompat.widget.Toolbar;
import androidx.core.view.GravityCompat;
import androidx.drawerlayout.widget.DrawerLayout;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.GridLayoutManager;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;
import com.google.android.material.floatingactionbutton.FloatingActionButton;
import com.google.android.material.navigation.NavigationView;
import com.google.android.material.snackbar.Snackbar;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Random;

/**
 * 悬浮按钮和交互提示
 */
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private DrawerLayout mDrawerLayout;
    private  Fruit[]fruits={new Fruit("苹果",R.drawable.nav_icon),
                            new Fruit("香蕉",R.drawable.t2),
                            new Fruit("西瓜",R.drawable.t5),
                            new Fruit("小丸子",R.drawable.touxiang),
                            new Fruit("小花",R.drawable.t8),
                            new Fruit("笨笨",R.drawable.t3),
    };
    private List<Fruit>fruitList=new ArrayList<>();
    private FruitAdapter adapter;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        Toolbar toolbar=findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
        mDrawerLayout=findViewById(R.id.drawerLayout);
        NavigationView navigationView=findViewById(R.id.navView);
        FloatingActionButton fab=findViewById(R.id.fab);
        fab.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Snackbar.make(v,"删除",Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT)
                        .setAction("取消", new View.OnClickListener() {
                            @Override
                            public void onClick(View v) {
                                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"已取消",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                            }
                        }).show();
            }
        });
        ActionBar actionBar=getSupportActionBar();
        if (actionBar!=null){
            actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
            actionBar.setHomeAsUpIndicator(R.drawable.menu);
        }
       // navigationView.setCheckedItem(R.id.navCall);//默认选中
        navigationView.setNavigationItemSelectedListener(new NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
                switch (menuItem.getItemId()){
                    case R.id.navCall:
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"电话",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case R.id.navFriends:
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"朋友",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case R.id.navLocation:
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"地址",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case R.id.nav_email:
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"邮箱",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case R.id.navTask:
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"任务",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                }
                mDrawerLayout.closeDrawers();
                return true;
            }
        });
        iniFruits();
        RecyclerView recyclerView=findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);
        GridLayoutManager layoutManager=new GridLayoutManager(this,2);
        recyclerView.setLayoutManager(layoutManager);
        adapter=new FruitAdapter(fruitList);
        recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);

    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.toolbar,menu);
        return true;
    }



    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
        switch (item.getItemId()){
            case R.id.backup:
                Toast.makeText(this,"备份",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case R.id.delete:
                Toast.makeText(this,"删除",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case R.id.settings:
                Toast.makeText(this,"设置",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case R.id.back:
                Toast.makeText(this,"返回",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            case android.R.id.home:
                mDrawerLayout.openDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
                break;
        }
        return true;
    }
    private  void iniFruits(){
        fruitList.clear();
        for (int i=0;i<50;i++){
            Random random=new Random();
            int index=random.nextInt(fruits.length);
            fruitList.add(fruits[index]);
        }
    }
}

(7)源码

(8)参考资料:郭霖的《第一行代码》

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