安卓APP注册demo+servlet+MySQL

此篇文章是基于安卓APP登录这篇文章而写的,如果有什么包显示错误可以先去阅读。
首先看一下动图展示:
在这里插入图片描述
如果用户名已存在或者邮箱已被使用过,则注册不成功:
在这里插入图片描述
下面是activity_register.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
   android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".Activities.RegisterActivity">
    <!--
    注册页面
    -->
    <EditText
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:inputType="textPersonName"
        android:ems="10"
        android:hint="用户名"
        android:textColorHint="#003399"
        android:id="@+id/register_edit_account"
        android:textSize="20dp"
        android:textColor="#003399"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"/>

    <EditText
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:ems="10"
        android:hint="密码"
        android:textColorHint="#003399"
        android:id="@+id/register_edit_pwd"
        android:textSize="20dp"
        android:textColor="#003399"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"/>

    <EditText
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:ems="10"
        android:hint="邮箱(用于找回密码)"
        android:textColorHint="#003399"
        android:id="@+id/register_edit_email"
        android:textSize="20dp"
        android:textColor="#003399"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"/>

    <Button
        android:text="注册"
        android:textSize="20dp"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/register1"
        android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"
        android:layout_marginRight="20dp"
        android:background="@color/lavender"/>
    <Button
        android:text="返回登录"
        android:textSize="20dp"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="5dp"
        android:id="@+id/backto_login"
        android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"
        android:layout_marginRight="20dp"
        android:background="@color/lavender"/>
</LinearLayout>

RegisterActivity.java(注册活动)

import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.text.method.PasswordTransformationMethod;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;
import com.android.volley.AuthFailureError;
import com.android.volley.Request;
import com.android.volley.RequestQueue;
import com.android.volley.Response;
import com.android.volley.VolleyError;
import com.android.volley.toolbox.StringRequest;
import com.android.volley.toolbox.Volley;
import com.example.administrator.loginclient.HttpsUtils.HTTPSTrustManager;
import com.example.administrator.loginclient.R;
import com.example.administrator.loginclient.RsaUtils.GenKeyFromString;
import com.example.administrator.loginclient.RsaUtils.MyConstant;
import com.example.administrator.loginclient.RsaUtils.RSAUtil;
import org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Base64;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
/**
 *注册
 */
public class RegisterActivity extends BaseActivity {
    public static RequestQueue queue;
    private static Context mContext;
    private  static int state=0;
    private  static String username;
    private  static String  password;
    //由于Android边编译边生成的原理,将匹配字符串放入全局,作为静态变量可以提高效率
    public static Pattern p =
            Pattern.compile("\\w+([-+.]\\w+)*@\\w+([-.]\\w+)*\\.\\w+([-.]\\w+)*");

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_register);
        queue = Volley.newRequestQueue(getApplicationContext());
        mContext = this;
        final EditText AccountNumber = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.register_edit_account);
        final EditText Password = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.register_edit_pwd);

        Password.setTransformationMethod(PasswordTransformationMethod.getInstance());//密码不可见
        final EditText Email =(EditText) findViewById(R.id.register_edit_email);

        Button register=(Button)findViewById(R.id.register1);
        Button backto_login=(Button)findViewById(R.id.backto_login);
        register.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                final String name = AccountNumber.getText().toString().trim();
                final String psw = Password.getText().toString().trim();

                final String email=Email.getText().toString().trim();
                username=name;
                password=psw;

                if (isEmail(Email.getText().toString().trim()) &&    Email.getText().toString().trim().length()<=31){
                   // Toast.makeText(mContext,"邮箱格式正确",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

                    // 获取Rsa 工具类对象
                    RSAUtil rsa = new RSAUtil();

                    // 获取公钥
                    RSAPublicKey pubKey = (RSAPublicKey) GenKeyFromString
                            .getPubKey(MyConstant.pubKey1);

                    // 使用公钥加密 数据
                    byte[] enRsaByte_psw = new byte[0];
                    byte[] enRsaBytes_user = new byte[0];
                    byte[] enRsaBytes_email = new byte[0];
                    try {
                        enRsaByte_psw = rsa.encrypt(pubKey, psw.getBytes());//密码加密
                        enRsaBytes_user = rsa.encrypt(pubKey, name.getBytes());//用户名加密
                        enRsaBytes_email = rsa.encrypt(pubKey, email.getBytes());//邮箱加密
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }

                    /**
                     * base64对byte数组进行编码,进过编码后得到String传输到对服务端解码得出byte数组。
                     */
                    String enRsaStr_psw = new String(Base64.encode(enRsaByte_psw));//密码byte数组转成字符串
                    String enRsaStr_user = new String(Base64.encode(enRsaBytes_user));//用户名byte数组转成字符串
                    String enRsaStr_email = new String(Base64.encode(enRsaBytes_email));//用户名byte数组转成字符串

                    RegisterRequest(enRsaStr_user, enRsaStr_psw, enRsaStr_email);
                    Toast.makeText(mContext, "请稍等...", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }else {
                    Toast.makeText(mContext,"邮箱格式错误",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }

            }
        });
        backto_login.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(RegisterActivity.this, MainActivity.class);
                if(state==1){

                    intent.putExtra("username", username);
                    intent.putExtra("password", password);
                }
                startActivity(intent);
            }
        });
    }
    public static void RegisterRequest(final String accountNumber, final String password,final String email){
        //请求地址
        String url = "http://localhost:8083/MyFirstWebAPP/RegisterServlet";
        String tag = "Register";    //注②

        //取得请求队列
        RequestQueue requestQueue = queue;


        //防止重复请求,所以先取消tag标识的请求队列
        requestQueue.cancelAll(tag);
        HTTPSTrustManager.allowAllSSL();//允许所有https请求

        //创建StringRequest,定义字符串请求的请求方式为POST(省略第一个参数会默认为GET方式)
        final StringRequest request = new StringRequest(Request.Method.POST, url,
                new Response.Listener<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onResponse(String response) {
                        try {
                            JSONObject jsonObject = (JSONObject) new JSONObject(response).get("params");  //注③
                            String result = jsonObject.getString("Result");  //注④
                            if (result.equals("Succeed")) {  //注⑤


                                Toast.makeText(mContext, "注册成功", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                                state=1;

                            }
                            else if (result.equals("TheUsernameAlreadyExists")){
                                //做自己的登录失败操作,如Toast提示
                                state=0;
                                Toast.makeText(mContext, "该用户名已存在", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                            }
                            else if(result.equals("TheEmailExists")){
                                Toast.makeText(mContext, "该邮箱已被注册", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                                state=0;
                            }
                        } catch (JSONException e) {
                            //做自己的请求异常操作,如Toast提示(“无网络连接”等)
                            Log.e("TAG", e.getMessage(), e);
                            Toast.makeText(mContext, "无网络连接", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

                        }
                    }
                }, new Response.ErrorListener() {
            @Override
            public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {
                //做自己的响应错误操作,如Toast提示(“请稍后重试”等)
                Log.e("TAG", error.getMessage(), error);
                Toast.makeText(mContext, "请稍后重试", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        }) {
            @Override
            protected Map<String, String> getParams() throws AuthFailureError {
                Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<>();
                params.put("AccountNumber", accountNumber);  //注⑥
                params.put("Password", password);
                params.put("Email",email);
                return params;
            }
        };

        //设置Tag标签
        request.setTag(tag);

        //将请求添加到队列中
        requestQueue.add(request);


    }

    public static boolean isEmail(String email){
        if (null==email || "".equals(email)) return false;
        //Pattern p = Pattern.compile("\\w+@(\\w+.)+[a-z]{2,3}"); //简单匹配
       // Pattern p =  Pattern.compile("\\w+([-+.]\\w+)*@\\w+([-.]\\w+)*\\.\\w+([-.]\\w+)*");//复杂匹配
        Matcher m = p.matcher(email);
        return m.matches();
    }

}

安卓APP的到此为止。
下面是servlet后端的:RegisterServlet.java

import net.jw.MyFirstWebAPP.RSAutil.GenKeyFromString;
import net.jw.MyFirstWebAPP.RSAutil.MyConstant;
import net.jw.MyFirstWebAPP.RSAutil.RSAUtil;
import net.jw.MyFirstWebAPP.UserDAO;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPrivateKey;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
import org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Base64;

/**
 *注册新用户
 * @author Administrator
 */
public class RegisterServlet extends HttpServlet {

    @Override
    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {

        // 设置响应内容类型  
        response.setContentType("text/html;charset=utf-8");
        request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
        response.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");

        try (PrintWriter out = response.getWriter()) {

            //获得请求中传来的用户名和密码、邮箱
            String accountNumber = request.getParameter("AccountNumber").trim();
            String password = request.getParameter("Password").trim();
            String email=request.getParameter("Email").trim();
            //密码验证结果
            
            byte[] bytereuser = Base64.decode(accountNumber);//旧解密BASE64
            byte[] byterepsw = Base64.decode(password);//密码解密BASE64
            byte[] bytereemail = Base64.decode(email);//邮箱解密BASE64
            //  System.out.println(byteres);
            // System.out.println("字符串转成byte数组:"+new String(byteres));
             // 获取私钥	
            RSAUtil rsa = new RSAUtil();
            RSAPrivateKey priKey = (RSAPrivateKey) GenKeyFromString
				.getPrivateKey(MyConstant.priKey1);
             // 拿着私钥解用户名
            byte[] encRsaByteuser = rsa.decrypt(priKey,
				bytereuser);
            // 拿着私钥解密码
            byte[] encRsaBytepsw = rsa.decrypt(priKey,
				byterepsw);
            byte[] encRsaByteemail = rsa.decrypt(priKey,
				bytereemail);
            
            int verifyResult = verifyRegister(new String(encRsaByteuser),new String(encRsaBytepsw),new String(encRsaByteemail));

            Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<>();
            JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();

            if (verifyResult == 1) {
                params.put("Result", "Succeed");//修改密码成功
                
            } 
            else if (verifyResult == 0){
               
                params.put("Result", "TheUsernameAlreadyExists");//该用户名已存在
            }
            else if(verifyResult == 2){
                params.put("Result", "TheEmailExists");//邮箱已存在
            }
            

            jsonObject.put("params", params);
            out.write(jsonObject.toString());
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Logger.getLogger(RegisterServlet.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {
        doPost(request, response);
    }

    /**
     * 验证用户名密码是否正确
     *
     * @param userName
     * @param password
     */
    private int verifyRegister(String userName, String password,String email) {
      
   Boolean result=UserDAO.registerUser(userName,password,email);
      
       
            if(result==true){
             return 1;//注册成功
        }
           else if(!UserDAO.checkUserName(userName)){
                return 0;
            }
            else if(!UserDAO.checkEmail(email)){
                return 2;
            }
          
         return 0;       
    } 
}   

注册的逻辑其实很简单,首先是APP填写表单,加密数据后,通过post的方式提交给服务器,服务器先解密数据,再将解密后得到的数据-----用户名和邮箱分别与数据库比对,如有重复。则注册不成功,反之注册成功。
对了 ,服务器的GenKeyFromString.java、MyConstant.java、RSAUtil.java和安卓APP端的代码一样的。



import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import javax.net.ssl.HostnameVerifier;
import javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSession;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;
/**
 * Created by Administrator on 2020/4/26.
 * 此类是volley加持https协议
 */
public class HTTPSTrustManager implements X509TrustManager {

    private static TrustManager[] trustManagers;
    private static final X509Certificate[] _AcceptedIssuers = new X509Certificate[] {};
    protected HttpURLConnection createConnection(URL url) throws IOException {
        if("https".equals(url.getProtocol().toLowerCase())){
            HTTPSTrustManager.allowAllSSL();
        }
        return (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
    }

    @Override
    public void checkClientTrusted(
            java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] x509Certificates, String s)
            throws java.security.cert.CertificateException {
        // To change body of implemented methods use File | Settings | File
        // Templates.
    }

    @Override
    public void checkServerTrusted(
            java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] x509Certificates, String s)
            throws java.security.cert.CertificateException {
        // To change body of implemented methods use File | Settings | File
        // Templates.
    }

    public boolean isClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain) {
        return true;
    }

    public boolean isServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain) {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
        return _AcceptedIssuers;
    }

    public static void allowAllSSL() {
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(new HostnameVerifier() {

            @Override
            public boolean verify(String arg0, SSLSession arg1) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                return true;
            }

        });

        SSLContext context = null;
        if (trustManagers == null) {
            trustManagers = new TrustManager[] { new HTTPSTrustManager() };
        }

        try {
            context = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
            context.init(null, trustManagers, new SecureRandom());
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (KeyManagementException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(context
                .getSocketFactory());
    }

}

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